2023-10-11 | History

A History of Major Incidents In and Around Israel

Due to current events, some brief information on the major historical conflicts. Disclaimer: For detailed and accurate information, particularly concerning casualty figures and their nuances, please consult academic sources, government reports, or international organizations.

1. 1948 Arab-Israeli War (War of Independence/Nakba)

Following the declaration of the state of Israel, neighboring Arab states invaded.

2. Suez Crisis (1956)

Israel, with the UK and France, invaded Egypt to regain Western control of the Suez Canal.

3. Six-Day War (1967)

Rapid Israeli victory expanded its territory significantly.

4. Yom Kippur War (1973)

Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel during Yom Kippur.

5. 1982 Lebanon War

Invasion of Lebanon aimed to expel the PLO.

6. First Intifada (1987-1993)

Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation in the West Bank and Gaza.

7. Second Intifada (2000-2005)

A violent Palestinian uprising with heavy casualties on both sides.

8. 2006 Lebanon War

Conflict between Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) and Hezbollah.

9. Operation Cast Lead (2008-2009)

Israeli military campaign in Gaza aimed at stopping rocket fire into Israel.

10. Operation Protective Edge (2014)

Israeli campaign in Gaza to stop rocket fire and destroy tunnel networks.

11. Great March of Return (2018-2019)

Protests along the Gaza-Israel border resulted in multiple Palestinian casualties.

12. May 2021 Gaza Conflict

An 11-day conflict that resulted in significant casualties and damage in Gaza and Israel.



Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)



Arab States (e.g., Egypt, Jordan, Syria)

United States


European Union (EU)

United Nations (UN)

Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine (PIJ)



Gulf States (e.g., Saudi Arabia, UAE)


Palestinian Refugees/Displaced Persons



Saudi Arabia